Andy Mulligan's ‘Trash’ deals with challenging issues, including children living in third world countries and poverty. Mulligan uses language techniques as well as rich characters and setting descriptions to help educate readers about poverty. Language techniques, such as sensory language and imagery language, and setting descriptions were used to make the reader feel the impact of these situations. Mulligan also uses rich characters in the novel to assist in informing the reader about poverty and issues in third world countries.
Throughout the novel ‘Trash’, Andy Mulligan uses language techniques such as imagery to establish rich settings of Behala. For example, when Mulligan was describing the scene of Smokey Mountain, Mulligan described the Mountain as, "It's a place they call Behala, and it's a rubbish town. Three years ago it was Smokey Mountain, but Smokey Mountain got so bad that they closed it down and shifted us along the road." The description Mulligan used about Smokey Mountain gives the reader a clear, rich image and notes the dangerous condition that Raphael, his friends and family go through. Another example of imagery, which Mulligan used, is the scene of Rat's (Jun-Jun) ‘hole’ when Mulligan described the setting of where Rat lived. He described it as "The walls and ceiling were damp brick, and there were cracks everywhere. That was where the rats came in and out, and I guessed there were nests just on the other side." Mulligan made this simple but very