Traumatic Brain Injuries : An Introduction And Definition Of A Public Health Problem

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Traumatic Brain Injuries: An Introduction and Definition of a Public Health Problem
The brain is the most complex organ in the human body; its mysteries rival the understandings of our solar system and continuously challenge the efforts of neuro physicians and researchers alike. This extraordinary biological structure defines our personality, controls how we move, and regulates our five senses. When the brain suffers an injury, the consequences can be devastating; affecting many important aspects of a person’s life, including permanent disability and untimely death (National Institute for Neurological Disease and Stroke, 2014). The impairment of brain tissue, from an injury or trauma, represents a serious public health problem in the United States, according to the Center for Disease Control (2014).
Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is the result of an external force that disrupts the integrity or function of the brain. TBI occurs when the head abruptly strikes an object, or when a penetrating object enters the skull and damages the brain matter (NINDS, 2014). TBI are typically suspected when a significant mechanism of injury is present and later confirmed by the use of computed tomography (American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 2013). Trauma is the fourth leading cause of death overall in the US and is the leading cause between the ages of one and 44, surpassing all non-communicable and infectious disease combined. (CDC, 2014). In the United States, TBI contributes

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