Approximately twenty-five to thirty percent of those who have experienced a traumatic event will proceed to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (Fry, 2016). Those who have experienced a traumatic event and developed PTSD continue reliving it to an extent in which it interferes with their lives. The symptoms of the disorder affect the person’s life by interfering with daily activities and personal relationships with friends and family. There is
The term “Psychological trauma” refers to damage wrought from a traumatic event, which that damages one’s ability to cope with stressors. “Trauma” is commonly defined as an exposure to a situation in which a person is confronted with an event that involves actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to self or others’ physical well-being (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Specific types of client trauma frequently encountered by which therapists and other mental health workers frequently encounter in a clinical setting include sexual abuse, physical , or sexual assault, natural disasters such as earthquakes or tsunamis, domestic violence, and school or/and work related violence (James & Gilliland, 2001). Traumatic
Alhough individuals respond differently to traumatic incidents, going through a traumatic event where a death or mutiple deaths occur, can result in guilt and symptoms that are detrimental to the individual. Though many individuals experiences to traumatic incidents
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric sequel to a stressful event or situation of an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature. It develops after a person is involved in a horrifying ordeal that involved physical maltreatment or the threat of physical harm. These events can include combat or military experience, abuse during childhood or adulthood (physical or sexual), terrorist attacks, serious accidents or natural disasters. This person may have been the one that was harmed, witnessed a harmful event or had a loved one who was harmed. It is normal for the body’s fight or flight mechanism to engage in times of danger. With a person who has PTSD, that mechanism is damaged and the person feels this even when they are not in danger. Symptoms can be categorized into four different areas – re-experiencing symptoms (flashbacks, bad dreams, frightening thoughts) , avoiding situations that remind the person of the event, negative changes in beliefs and feelings (may be fear, guilt, shame or losing interest in those activities that once were enjoyable) and hypervigilence (always feeling keyed up, trouble concentrating or sleeping). There are also feelings of hopelessness, despair, depression or anxiety, alcohol or substance abuse, physical symptoms or chronic pain and problems with employment and relationships.
Post- traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a disorder which is characterized by anxiety, dissociative, and other symptoms that last for more than one month and that occur as a result of exposure to extreme trauma. PTSD symptoms can develop in individuals faced with repeated mild or low magnitude stressors, such as employment problems, marital distress (Astin et al., 1995; Scott & Stradling, 1994), parenting separation or relationship problems. This disorder is more common in more traumatic events such as war or a bad car accident. What is a traumatic event exactly? Well, a traumatic event is when a person has experienced, witnessed or was confronted with event(s) that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to the physical integrity of self or others. The natural response to these
The New England Journal of Medicine States: “The defining characteristic of a traumatic event is its capacity to provoke fear, helplessness, or death. People who are exposed to such events are at increased risk for PTSD as well as for major depression, panic disorder, including generalized anxiety disorder.”
Incidents such as crime, vehicular accidents, rape, family violence, sexual abuse or natural catastrophes can lead to Post-traumatic stress disorder. Many people do not realize the significance of a
Post-traumatic stress disorder, also known as PTSD, is a complicated disorder that begins after a traumatic event ((APA), May 18, 2013). Throughout history, PTSD was also known as railway spine, shell shock, traumatic (war) neurosis, concentration-camp syndrome, and rape-trauma syndrome. This disorder always happens after a personal tragic event. Such events include a natural disaster, murder, war, rape, and vehicular accidents, just to name a few. The important thing to remember is that it is always a personal event with a high rate of mortality (Gillian T Eagle, 2015). If someone witnesses a tragic event but is not directly affected, they could still have Post -Traumatic Stress Disorder if it was personal to them.
All of the people who suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder have described the events causing this condition as frightening and stressful. “PTSD develops in about 1 in 3 people who experience severe trauma” ("Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Causes"). It is a common disorder and different people come upon it in a variety of ways. In most cases, events responsible for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder occur in the person’s early life and in people who have a history of mental illnesses such as depression or anxiety. Also, most patients have always had trouble coping with tragedies and do not have very much support around the time of the trauma ("Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)"). This condition can develop in different amounts of time following the situation, depending on the person. It can begin immediately after, weeks, months, or even years later ("Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - Causes"). Examples of the causes entail witnessing violent deaths, sexual abuse,
Has anybody in this class know anybody or themselves that have went through a traumatic event in their life, such as abuse, war, witnessing a murder, and so on? Well if you do you or that person are at risk of developing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a relatively new psychological diagnosis, but it is a kind of anxiety disorder. For example after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 has caused PTSD in some of the people that were involved in first response to the Twin Towers, people who saw the disaster occur, and even people who have lost relatives and friends in that tragic event. Some symptoms that occur are
Post-traumatic stress disorders also none as PTSD. In 1980 the American psychiatric association added PTSD to the third edition of its diagnostic and statistical manual of mental diagnostic nosologic classification scheme although controversial when first introduced the PTSD diagnosis has filled an important gap in psychiatric theory and practice from an historical perspective the significant change ushered in by the PTSD concept was the stipulation that that the etiological agent was outside the individual traumatic event rather than an inherent individual weakness traumatic neurosis they key to understanding the scientific basis and clinical expression of PTSD is the concept of trauma. The formulation a traumatic event was conceptualized as catastrophic stressor that was outside the range of usual human experiences. The framers of the original PTSD diagnosis had in mind events such as war, torture, rape, natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and volcano eruptions and human made disaster such as airplanes crashes, and automobile accidents they considered traumatic events to be clearly different from the very painful stressors that constitute the normal vicissitudes of life such as divorce, failure, rejection, serious illness, financial reverses, and the like by the logic adverse psychological responses to such ordinary stressors would be characterized as adjustment disorders rather than PTSD this dichotomization between
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that can develop after an individual experiences or witnesses a traumatic event. PTSD is a mental disorder that people may develop after experiencing one or more traumatic events such as acts of interpersonal violence, severe accidents, natural disasters, or a military related experience (Gaskell, 2005). Exposure to traumatic stressors does not always bring about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder but when symptoms prevent an individual from participating in everyday life, they have developed the mental disorder (Ford, 2015). It is important to note that those at risk of PTSD include not only those who are directly affected by a horrific event, but also witnesses to a traumatic act, perpetrators who may commit a traumatic act, and those who help PTSD sufferers; like first responders who may experience vicarious traumatization after helping those in need (Gaskell, 2005).
There are so many areas of Psychopathology that could benefit from an increased focus on the study and treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. The main focus of this new diagnosis is to create a role for Complex Stress Disorders to be recognized and treated properly. There are different types of stress and complex traumatization. Complex Trauma generally refers to Trauma that is pre meditated such as abuse . This type of trauma and prolonged exposure to it is more difficult to overcome then say impersonal trauma such as an act of God like an earthquake or flood. There is a third area that is a combination of the two previously discussed which is trauma caused by humans such as a car accident or the recent train derailment where the conductor accidently increased speed. Research shows that this type of stress can cause a more severe reaction than impersonal such as a flood and less severe than interpersonal stress such as abuse. Knowing the background and criteria for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and understanding the broad spectrum that is now included under trauma can be extremely beneficial in treating those exposed to prolonged
Regardless of how a child acts towards their parents, all that matters in the end is their unconditional love for them. However, the time it takes for them to express their gratitude will depend on each child. In the novel The Namesake, Jhumpa Lahiri demonstrates this, describing the life of a young boy named Gogol and his continually progressing relationship with his mother. It demonstrates that a child is unable to view his or her parents as a human being until the parent figure experiences a traumatic event that allows the child to empathize with their parents.