Sex offenders tend to blend in to society virtually unnoticed until they offend or reoffend (Polizzi, MacKenzie, & Hickman, 1999). Currently, there is a large group of mental health professionals representing a variety of disciplines, including psychology, psychiatry clinical social work, counseling, and medicine, that continue to believe in the potential efficacy of treating sex offenders. Over the past decade, the sex offender treatment field has grown rapidly and the treatment of juvenile sex offenders is on the rise (Parks & Bard, 2006). The rationale for treating juvenile offenders is based on research which indicates that inappropriate sexual behavior patterns develop early and a failure to intervene and change behavior early often means that the offender will continue to escalate his/her inappropriate behavior, which could present an even greater danger to society (Ayland & West, 2006). Vivian-Bryne, (2004) suggests that professionals who treat adult sex offenders report that offenders who are incarcerated will eventually return to the community and therefore, therapeutic measures should be taken to reduce the likelihood that they will reoffend even if those measures have not conclusively been identified as effective. Sexual offenders may find therapy valuable because it can allow them to retrace their upbringing to help them identify and understand the roots of their
The treatment for sexual offenders is done in a three principal approach which is cognitive behavioral approach, psycho-educational approach, and pharmacological approach. The cognitive behavioral approach gives emphasis on altering the habits of the offended relating toward sexual offending and “deviant patterns of arousal”. (CSOM) This means altering the daily habits of the offender which may be everything they had known previously to incarceration. The second principal of psycho-educational focuses on altering the offender’s state of mind toward their victims and attempts to instill the understanding of how they inflicted harm with their actions. With psychology there is never a set time on how long a set goal will be reached. Times vary between individuals and can sometime never reach their desired outcome. In conjunction with those previous principals the offenders are also treated under the pharmacological
| Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders | | | | | Sexual violence in the United Stated has become a significant problem over the past decade. Besides being a health problem for the individual, it is a crime that every State punishes in accordance to their laws. In an effort to decrease
Barbaree looked at 224 sex offenders. Of those men, 33 committed a new offense of some kind for a general recidivism rate of 14.7 percent. Even more interesting was the study did not support the idea that good treatment behavior, as in positive or appropriate behavior in group sessions, good homework assignments, and positive ratings of motivation, could be associated with a less of a chance for recidivism. They gave two possible reasons for this finding. Sex offenders, by the very nature of their criminal behavior, are masters of manipulation and exploitation. These individuals can exhibit behavior that contributes to favorable assessments. The second possible reason is these skills are learned, or enhanced, in the treatment setting. Data from a program
Method Participants I selected polygraph data from 60 case files for in this study. Participants were males aged 10-18 enrolled in 12 months residential treatment facility for juveniles with sexual behavior problems in Idaho. The demographic characteristics are presented in data below. This group included youth who received only resided at Sequel for residential sexual behavior problems. Services provided included group therapy, individual, family, and trauma therapy. The program director and clinicians were licensed mental health providers who met established criteria for providing treatment to juvenile sex offenders in the state of Idaho. All participants are court ordered to this facility for charges of sexual offenses on adults or children. Most of the youth are on probation with will be until they are 21 years of age. This facility only treats male sex
Rehabilitative programs that are focused on the principles of effective intervention are able to target the known factors of recidivism thereby necessitating change and also enabling the incorporation of cognitive or behavioral treatments to reinforce the behavior of the criminal offender by eliminating criminal thinking patterns. Principles of effective intervention ensure that rehabilitative programs are able to take into account the various characteristics of offenders which would affect their response to rehabilitative treatments. Various rehabilitation programs such as vocational and academic education, community based programs; moral recognition therapy and behavioral treatment programs have proved to be effective in reducing recidivism among released convicts. It has also been noted that these programs were effective in treating criminal offenders as they mostly focused on their behavior and the contributing factors
Sex offender treatment programs target factors for sexual reoffending they include cognitive distortions and schemas, emotion dysregulation, deviant sexual behaivor, and deficities of interpersonal skills and empathy (Schaffer, Jeglic, Moster, & Wnuk, 2010).
The state of Florida has seen its share of cases. For instance the infamous case of Debra Lafeve, a former middle school teacher from Tampa Florida, was convicted of having sex with a fourteen year old student. The case was made famous based on her attorney’s argument that she was too pretty to go to prison. One of the conditions of her probation was that she attended a treatment program. Current data provides that there are nearly 3,800 adult women and 2,700 adolescent girls who have been sentence to attend such programs. The data indicates that this is less than ten percent of the total number of clients who are served by such sex offenders program. Never the less the number of clients have doubled in the past two years (Female Sex Offender,
Critically evaluate the ways in which the criminal justice system deals with the risk and management of sex offenders.
Because reduction of the likelihood of offender recidivism in the future is clearly a priority, the criminal justice system has begun to look into the effectiveness of treatment programs. The following body of research further discusses the purpose and effectiveness of different treatment methods that can be employed by psychologists with the intention of rehabilitating sex offenders.
5. There are many types of treatment offered to help combat sexual tension within sexual offenders. One of the more important and frequently court mandated treatment is the use of sex-drive reducing drugs. This treatment is offered with the hopes of preventing minor attracted adults from offending or re-offending. Another goal of this treatment is to effectively change sexual arousal patterns in each individual offender through behavior conditions. The use of these drugs is almost always court mandated and some people view the use of these drugs as invasive (Langevin 1983). One of the more commonly used drugs is estrogen and testosterone. By administering estrogen it causes and increases feminization within the male and also leads to the possible irreversible damage to the gonads. Another
Sexual assault is one of the fastest growing violent crimes in America. Approximately 20% of all people charged with a sexual offense are juveniles. Among adult sex offenders, almost 50% report that their first offense occurred during their adolescence. (FBI, 1993) There are many different opinions, treatment options and
Granted, one thing that could be done to prevent so many sex crimes from happening is to rehabilitate the offender while incarcerated. However, the rehabilitation of sex offenders does, cost a lot of money to get the right programs. "The Department of Corrections asked for 1.2 million dollars." This money
When working with this specific population mental health professionals are often called on to evaluate and manage sex offender’s behavior. There are also times when individuals may be asked to give an opinion as to if the offender will repeat the behavior. Often times people that work with this population are referred to as (SOSs) Sex Offender Specialists. They have a specific group of diverse training and background. Some of these trainings incIude but are not limited to cognitive-behavioral, psychopharmacological, and therapeutic orientations.
Challenges facing the following special groups: 1. Sex offenders There are generalizations on the sex offender's treatment programs. Etiologically, sex offending varies considerably and offering the same rehabilitation designs is not effective. While on parole, sex offenders face a lot of challenges like loneliness, intimacy deficits, and challenges in emotional regulations (Paparozzi & Guy, 2009). As mentioned in the re-entry process, there is victimization and loneliness that faces people who are released from prison. As man is a social animal, isolation, victimization, and feeling of rejection bring loneliness as the challenge. Meanwhile, there are intimacy deficits. Most of the parolees lack close friends or intimate friends. Most of the