Essay on Treatment Of African Americans: 1865-1895

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During the span of thirty years from 1865 to 1895 blacks that lived within this time frame went through arguably the most profound series of events to occur in African American history. Southern blacks were faced with prejudice, bondage, slavery, and ultimately survival. Shortly after the thirteenth amendment was ratified, stating that: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
The southern governments enacted a series of Black Codes that were purposefully meant to keep blacks “as near to a state of bondage as possible.” Blacks could not bear arms, be employed in
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In other words, it put teeth in the Thirteenth Amendment.”
By Congress passing the Civil Rights Act by a two-thirds majority over President Johnson’s veto, it was the first time in American history that legislation became law over the president. This was a victory politically and socially for the blacks in America. Even though whites in the north were sympathetic towards abolishing slavery, they still did not want blacks to take part in the northern schools or neighborhoods. Also the idea of blacks being able to vote was still far and few between. During the next year in June 1866 Congress submitted yet another amendment to the constitution.
The Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.” This solidified the black’s right to citizenship on a political scale, yet they still did not have the right to vote. The Amendment did not reduce segregation or stop most southern states from continuing to persecute the black population but it did give passageway for the Reconstruction Acts to take place. These acts forced the southern states to be split into military districts until they complied with Congress.
African Americans that were living during this time were in the middle an immense struggle of power between the
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