Treatment Of Drug Use And Drug Abuse

2194 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 9 Pages
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (2012), the intention of drug addiction treatment is to help addicted individuals stop compulsive drug use and drug-seeking behavior (p. 8). Substance use is a timeless practice of cultures around the world and can be found in religious ceremonies, celebratory engagements, and family gatherings. Substance abuse and addiction has also been lurking in the shadows of history and has morphed into what some are calling an epidemic today. Treatment for addiction is a necessary service all over the world, but the methods and modalities of its practice have changed throughout history often being molded by federal policy. In the following pages I will discuss some of these changes to treatment in the 20th century in the United States.
According to Henninger and Sung (2014), in the late 1940s the Minnesota Model was introduced as a new method to treat alcoholism. The Minnesota Model included mutual respect for participants instead of shame and degradation. One of the first facilities to utilize the Minnesota Model was Willmar State Hospital in Minnesota. The Willmar State Hospital staff eventually developed the model which was based on insisting that treatment include a multidisciplinary and holistic approach.
The staff at Willmar also believed that professionalization of addiction treatment was necessary to appropriately treat patients. This progression of change to the Minnesota Model would mean that doctors, nurses,…
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