Treatment Of Symptoms Associated With Adhd

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As mentioned previously in the review, the most commonly used interventions for the treatment of symptoms associated with ADHD are behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapeutic medication regimens. While both methods have been shown to produce positive outcomes ²individually, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a combination of both methods when treating symptoms. Pelham, Burrows-MacLean, Gnagy, Fabiano, Coles, Tresco, Chacko, Wymbs, Wienke, Walker, & Hoffman (2005) examined the effect of transdermal methylphenidate treatment combined with behavioral modification methods on ADHD-symptomatic children. Participants included twenty-five males and 2 females between the ages of 6 and 12. All participants were required to meet the DSM-V criteria for ADHD. The researchers exposed participants to various levels of methylphenidate treatment (placebo, 12.5 cm², 25 cm², 37.5 cm²), as well as two behavioral modification conditions (modification, no modification). Participants in the behavior modification condition were measured through a comprehensive system of cost-reward components. Participants were socially rewarded for high scores as well as rewards for meeting weekly goals. These behavioral modification measures were adjusted to fit both classroom and recreational settings. In the NBM (no behavior modification) condition, behavioral treatment was suspended in order to mirror natural classroom and recreational settings. While behaviors and rule violations were still
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