Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease

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Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease Overview In the words of Glick, Greenberg, and Ship (2008, p.368), "stage 5 CKD, or GFR of <15cc/min, reflects significantly reduced renal function, and this is the stage when patients will require long-term chronic dialysis treatments." Individuals with CKD stage 5 are said to have end stage renal disease (ESRD) and it is also at this point that their kidneys experience complete (or almost complete) failure. In basic terms, one of the key functions of the kidneys is the removal of excess water and waste from the human body. When kidneys no longer work as they are expected to, their ability to remove fluids as well as waste from the body is affected significantly. Some of the common symptoms patients in this particular stage of chronic kidney disease could experience include but they are not limited to increased skin pigmentation, muscle cramps, a feeling of unexplained tiredness, nausea, loss of appetite, etc. It is important to note that the inability of kidneys to get rid of fluids as well as waste from the human body eventually leads to the build up or accumulation of toxins in the body. This is essentially what causes those suffering from stage 5 CKD to experience an overall or general ill feeling. Treatment Options Individuals diagnosed with stage 5 CKD may be required to work closely with a nephrologist so as to come up with a plan best suited for them. On this front, there are several treatment options which could be taken
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