Trends And Aspects Of Policing Models

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Trends in Policing Models Due to the ever-changing political climate and needs of the community, policing models frequently change (McElvain, Kposowa, & Gray 2012, 1). During the periods of enactment, numerous policing models served specific purposes but would quickly become outdated due to research or differing approaches to problem solving. Researchers McElvan, Kposowa, and Gray introduce a number of past policing models that have become outdated. Introduced around the mid-1900s the Professional model sought to fight corruption within the police culture and asked officers to gather facts and nothing more. The effectiveness of the strategy was based upon crime statistics and response times to calls (Ibid, 1). Over the years, policing models have gone through periods of evolution and reform, leading to the establishment of numerous modes by either law enforcement agencies or universities. In time, the Professional model was transformed by public criticism of the police being out of touch with the public they were serving. The new model required a different approach-one that humanized police officers. Beginning in the 1980’s, Community Policing, heavily relying upon a partnership from law enforcement agencies and public partnership, grew in popularity. The researchers theorize the policing initiative was developed to strengthen community relations, specifically those with underprivileged minority communities. The idea was to re-humanize the police force from the
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