Essay on Trends in Long-Term Care and Associated Implications

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Long-term care (LTC) covers a wide range of clinical and social services for those who need assistance due to functional limitations. These limitations usually result from complications associated with age related chronic conditions, from disabilities related to birth defects, brain damage, or mental retardation in children; or from major illnesses or injuries suffered by adults (Shi L. & Singh D.A., 2011). LTC encompasses a variety of services including traditional clinical services, social services and housing. Unlike acute care, long-term care is much more complicated and has objectives that are much harder to measure. Acute care mainly focuses on returning patients to their previous functional level and is primarily provided by…show more content…
This is primarily due to advances in medical care that have lead to a decline in mortality and better quality of life. Furthermore, most of this growth has resulted from the restructuring and/or replacement of support services and programs targeted towards the disabled population. A majority of the disabled individuals require only intermittent care, instead of LTC services (Calmus, 2013). The Frail Elderly – represent older individuals with multiple comorbidities, and/or who require assistance with activities of daily living due to some form of mental and/or physical deterioration. The population of both the elderly (over 65) and the oldest-old (over 85) is projected to dramatically increase in the upcoming years. The baby-boom generation who recently entered retirement in 2011 are projected to double the over 65 populations in upcoming years and increase the over 80 populations by 110 percent. In addition, demographic patterns of this generation indicate that they are statistically more likely to have complex family structures due to high divorce rates, and more females in the workforce. In addition this generation is less likely to be married and have fewer children. All these factors collectively influence the caregiving process and make informal caregiving more complex and much harder to accomplish. Furthermore, this generation is unprepared for the expenses associated with the LTC needs
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