The North Korean government continues to financially fund the research and testing of nuclear and ballistic missiles. Little information is known about the North Korean nuclear program and has been made available to foreign nations due to the secrecy and isolation of international affairs. The threat of a nuclear strike from North Korea has become an increasingly serious matter for many nations including the U.S. and its Asian allies, Japan and South Korea. Currently, there are only nine nations known by intelligent analysis that possesses the resources to manufacture nuclear weapons which do include the U.S. However, North Korea is the only nation in the 21st century to conduct a nuclear missile test that has been reported by North Korean
The Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), is the principle U.S. Government agency responsible for the construction, design, and maintenance of U.S. nuclear weapons. The Department of Energy, which was established in 1977 by President Jimmy Carter as a response to an energy
To public eye nuclear weapons are considered to be extremely dangerous, thus they should be handled with great caution and precision. However, there are occasions where mistakes have almost led to a nuclear detonation. What is more surprising, such events have taken place here in the United States. In 1961 two nuclear bombs were dropped on a field in North Carolina, luckily detonation did not occur. Nuclear bombs have been left with no supervision on airfields, jets carrying these weapons have exploded or ran off the warship, generals have been relieved from their duties because of mishandling information about nuclear weapons or being very neglectful, and the list goes on. In a complicated system errors will occur, however such errors should be limited to minimum.
North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un has made audacious claims alluding to the power and potential of the country’s nuclear programme. The United State has yet to confirm the validity of these claims, but the US intelligence has decided to air on the side of caution; our country is preparing for a nuclear strike. The most dangerous thing about Kim Jong-un’s claims is the details. A number of tests conducted, the type of bombs being tested, the material being used to manufacture these bombs, and whether or not North Korean intelligence has achieved miniaturization are all very important factors in the rush to defend our country against these threats. If the country has conducted multiple tests, it’s had more opportunities to refine its weapon; if the bombs are hydrogen bombs, they are far more powerful; if uranium is the nuclear reactant being used, North Korea can make many many more bombs than before; if they have been able to miniaturize a bomb small enough to fit on a missile, they can launch an attack on US soil. Kim Jong-un has claimed for all of these to be true, but the US is a strong, independent country, and any attack will be detected early on and met with an attack just as strong if
As time has passed since the end of WWII, several nations have shown that they no longer need to keep their nuclear arsenals, and they can still be secure on a foreign and domestic level without them. These countries that deactivate their stockpiles are only going to help make the world a more safe and more secure place to live in, without the threat of a global nuclear war. With the establishment of organizations such as NATO and the UN, the threat of global nuclear war has diminished. These organizations can find alternative ways to deal with severe
Within the Department of Defense are a series of unified commands, including U.S. Strategic Command, based in Omaha, Nebraska, which is responsible for coordinating the use of each branch of the armed forces’ nuclear weaponry. During the Cold War, and for both legitimate military and less legitimate bureaucratic reasons, the United States developed what is called the “Triad,” the nuclear forces unique to each branch of the military. The Navy’s ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs, or “boomers”) and the Air Force’s land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and manned bombers (B-52s, B-1s and B-2s) comprise the Triad, the theory for which is predicated upon the notion of synergy wherein the difficulties inherent in planning an attack on each “leg” of the nuclear triad ensured their security against any such coordinated attack. In other words, an adversary – the former Soviet Union – would not be able to cripple the U.S. ability to retaliate for a nuclear attack by the USSR because of the diversity of our means of delivering nuclear weapons to their targets. The Soviets, as the theory went, could knock out our land-based
The Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is a treaty signed by one hundred and ninety states used to slow down the spread of a large number of nuclear weapons while promoting the use of nuclear technologies in peaceful ways such as energy. Its purpose is to keep nuclear technology in “Nuclear States” or trusted countries until a long-term goal of total disarmament can be reached. Even though it tries to bring about nuclear disarmament, the NPT is a threat to the modern world. It is currently speculated that the United States has the most stockpiled Nuclear weapons with Russia being a close second. Each of these countries has “thousands of known stockpiled nuclear weapons with the next closest state having just a few hundred” (Rising Powers
The Department of Defense plays a large role in its responsibility with nuclear weapons. They are assigned with creating policies that aligns with the NPR (Nuclear Posture Review) to minimize the amount of nuclear weapons that are used in our defense (whitehouse.gov). The DOD is responsible for creating a better plan that utilizes more non-nuclear weaponry and strategy for defending our country. They have to maintain plans and procedures for the use of weapons of mass destruction and it be a last resort type weapon. The DOD is responsible for ensuring the safety of these weapons and making sure they stay where they are stored. This department must maintain these guidelines in
Relevance The instrument of nuclear deterrence has been the primary reason that no full scale war between major world powers has taken place since WWII. Ensuring the credibility of the United States nuclear arsenal is the best way for the nation to secure future peace. Advances in nuclear physics, computational modeling, and engineering have made full nuclear-explosive testing unnecessary to maintain the nuclear
Is the Iran deal an effective form of Non-Proliferation policy? Non-Proliferation policy derives from the Non-Proliferation treaty, “it is an international treaty with the objective to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament”(UNODA) . First signed in 1968, the treaty officially began in 1970. as agreed in the treaty, after 25 years there was a meeting which concluded with the extension of the Non proliferation treat indefinitely. The treaty has open knowledge of 5 states holding nuclear-weapons and of their exact quantities they are; the United States, United Kingdom, Russia, China and France these are also the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. The Non proliferation treaty is split into two articles. Article 1 with regard to the nuclear positive states and their agreements, Article 2 states the course for the Non nuclear states.
The United States Nuclear Weapons Program As you can imagine, the US Nuclear Weapons Program is a complicated entity. There are a number of players on the nuclear weapons team, so to speak, each with their own task to fulfil. The National Nuclear Security Administration is the main agency tasked with
The agencies that have a role regarding the nation’s nuclear weapons are include the Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Commerce, Department of State, and Homeland Security.
The Need for a National Missile Defense Program in the United States Several hundred Soviet, nuclear tipped, ballistic missiles streak towards the United States without any form of opposition or challenge to their impeding destruction. The result of a situation like this would be no doubt disastrous, but it is a situation that could very well take place if the United States does not install a national ballistic missile defense program. An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system is a precaution that the American government must pursue with all of its resources in order to protect and preserve our society as we know it.
Nuclear weapons play a significant role in our understanding of international relations. They are the weapons that shape the most powerful governments in the world. These weapons act both defensively and offensively because they
Review of the Literature Due to failure of intelligence which led to September 11 terrorist attacks in the United States, President George W. Bush created the Office of Homeland Security in October 2001 and later converted it to a full cabinet department with a bill signed in November 2002 (Zimmerman, 2011).