Tribal Identity And Class Differentiation: A Sociological Study: Tribal Identity And Class Differentiation

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Tribal Identity and Class Differentiation – A Sociological Study Submitted by Toshali Pattnaik ( 56 )

Teacher in Charge Preeti Priyam Sharma

NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY, ASSAM April 6, 2015

TABLE OF CONTENTS CONTENTS PAGE NO.
1. Introduction
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The upper class not only holds higher ritual status but also higher economic status in terms of occupation and income. Lower castes, on the other hand, are poor. There exists a significant correlation between caste and class hierarchy. Castes are not homogenous from an economic point of view. This means that in a particular caste, there may be people of different economic status i.e different classes. According to Virginius Xaxa, the difference between tribe and caste is marginal. As Kosambi observed, “The entire course of Indian society shows tribal elements being fused into a general society.” Herbert H. Risley, the Commissioner of the 1901 census, wrote: “All over India at the present moment tribes are gradually and insensibly being transformed into castes.” The process of the shift of tribal people into the caste system by adopting caste rituals, norms and customs, has accelerated during the last few decades. Thus the difference between tribe and caste, that existed initially, is blurring in the present

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