Tribal Women : Reproductive And Child Health

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Tribal Women: Reproductive and Child Health (A Study in Telangana & Andhra Pradesh) Concept note on proposed research for M.Phil-Ph.D Programme in Women’s Studies in TISS –Hyderabad. By: Chiranjeevi. T Research narratives: Maternal health includes the physical, mental and social well-being of women during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period. Reproductive health is an indispensable ingredient of health and a major determinant of human development. Nearly 65,000 women die annually in India as a consequence of pregnancy and childbirth and 17 lakh children die before reaching to age of 5 years (Gupta and Nair 2010). These deaths are unjust and can be avoided with key health interventions, like provision of antenatal care and medically assisted delivery (Adam et al. 2005; MCcaw-Binnsetal 2007 quoted in Chinmankar and Sahoo 2011). Unfortunately, in India the utilization of reproductive and child health services is low and vary across the regions and ethnic groups. National Health Policy and WHO points out that only 36% of infants are fully vaccinated in India and Infant Mortality Rate among tribes is 84 whereas 70 is nation’s average and Mother Mortality Rate among the tribe is 126 and country’s average is 94. National Nutritional Report 2006 reveals that there are 44.7% of the tribal girls are suffering from anaemia in A.P& Telangana. There are around 75 tribal communities, identified as particular Vulnerable Tribal groups (PVTGs) in India
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