Trisomy 18 Essay

756 Words Jul 21st, 2014 4 Pages
Edward’s Syndrome or also known as Trisomy 18 is a very serious and uncommon disorder, and there are three types of this disorder: Full, Partial, and Mosaic Trisomy 18. Trisomy 18 is a chromosomal condition that affects not only one part of the body, but usually many different limbs. Five to ten percent of the individuals with this disorder can live their lives with it, but they have to deal with severe disabilities. Since Edward’s Syndrome is not common, there are only a few solutions for the disease (Weiss 2012).
The symptoms of Trisomy 18 vary from person to person, but they are all cause a physical defect or disability. Abnormally small sized heads, small mouths and jaws, and clenched fists with their fingers overlapping are some
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Trisomy 18 cannot be cured because you cannot fix chromosomes but only can fix the defects that occur because of the chromosomal disorder. This disorder is a problem with the number of chromosomes a person is born with. The 18th chromosome is half duplicated causing birth defects and problems in their development, also allowing only for a short lifespan. This disorder is not inherited, but instead happens randomly when the chromosomes of the mother and father combine and a third chromosome 18 is formed. There is no known cause for why this extra chromosome develops in the fetus. Edward’s Syndrome is the second most common of the trisomy disorders, following Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), but does not happen very often in developing fetuses. It occurs once in every 5,000 live-born infants, and most of these infants are female. Many times, the fetus that is affected with this disorder will not make it the full nine months. Other times, if the infant is born with the disorder they will only live for about a month or less. This disorder is seen more often when older women are pregnant, rather than young mothers. 10 percent of individuals with trisomy 18 will live past the first month, and some can even live into their twenties with severe developmental conditions and disabilities. The actual

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