Truman And The Cold War Essay

1859 Words Apr 23rd, 2015 8 Pages
Truman and the Cold War Response Sheet

Part 1: The Truman Doctrine
Use Site 1 to answer the following questions.
Read paragraph 2 of Truman's speech.
1. Conflicts in what two nations led Truman to make his speech? I do not believe that the American people and the Congress wish to turn a deaf ear to the appeal of the Greek Government. Greece is not a rich country. Lack of sufficient natural resources has always forced the Greek people to work hard to make both ends meet. Since 1940, this industrious, peace loving country has suffered invasion, four years of cruel enemy occupation, and bitter internal strife.
Read paragraphs 10-16.
2. What type of revolutionary group was leading the challenge to democracy in Greece?
Without help,
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In helping free and independent nations to maintain their freedom, the United States will be giving effect to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

Part 2: Interactive Korean War Map
Use Site 2 to answer the following questions.
Place your cursor on the tab labeled Invasion and use the summary in the box to the right of the map.
1. On what date did the conflict begin?
June 25, 1950
2. Which side initiated the attack?
Kim Il Sung's heavily armed and well-trained North Korean army crossed the 38th parallel -- the border between the two Koreas at the end of World War II.
3. Describe the early months of the Korean War.
By the night of June 28, Seoul had fallen and the South Korean forces were in disarray. The United Nations had just passed a resolution recommending that "the members of the United Nations furnish such assistance to the Republic of Korea as may be necessary to repel the armed attack and to restore international peace and security to the area."
On July 30, President Truman announced that he had "authorized the United States Air Force to conduct missions on specific military targets in northern Korea [and] a naval blockade of the entire Korean coast," adding almost as an afterthought, "General MacArthur has been authorized to use certain supporting ground units." Army Secretary Frank Pace's assessment was more