Truman Decision

5419 WordsDec 17, 200722 Pages
Truman Decision President Harry S. Truman decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan is perhaps the most controversial act of policy in United States history. One of the many different reasons given for the use of this weapon was the shock effect it would produce in the Japanese foreign policy circle. While the shock of the Japanese will be discussed later, it is important to note that it had a similar effect on the west. This shock effect has caused countless authors to speculate as to the motivation behind, and effects of this revolutionary weapon. For a time, the euphoria that came along with such a tremendous victory, as well as the national solidarity generated by America involvement in the cold war made this decision immune…show more content…
The fact that the bomb had diplomatic implications regarding the Soviet Union is not largely debated by Walker only mildly rejected by Newman. In his work, military historian Paul Walker examines recently declassified government documents regarding the projected number of losses expected in an invasion of Japan. He uses these numbers, as well as scenarios from other battles with Japanese forces to argue that the Atomic bomb was necessary to end the war in the pacific. Walker also addresses the usual arguments for and against the bomb, but does so only after establishing the necessity of the use of the bomb from a strictly statistical perspective. Robert Newman main thesis is simply that Truman decision to use the bomb was nothing more than a sensible military decision. This thesis has three main points. The first of these is the fact that the report that many revisionists base their conclusions upon, the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, was inaccurate. Next, he argues against the claim that America policy of nconditional Surrender did not prolong the war in the Pacific. Lastly, Newman argues that the use of the atomic bomb was morally justified. The case of the revisionists will be presented first, as this is the earlier dated of the two arguments. Alperovitz will precede Bernstein for the fact that his argument is based upon chronology and details, whereas Bernstein is slightly more abstract. Paul Walker will be the first neoclassical

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