Truman vs. MacArthur Essay

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Truman vs. MacArthur The Korean War changed the face of American Cold War diplomacy forever. In the midst of all the political conflict and speculation worldwide, the nation had to choose between two proposed solutions, each one hoping to ensure that communism didn?t sweep across the globe and destroy American ideals of capitalism and democracy. General Douglas MacArthur takes the pro-active stance and says that, assuming it has the capability, the U.S. should attack communism everywhere. President Harry Truman, on the other hand, believed that containing the Soviet communists from Western Europe was the best and most important course of action, and that eliminating communism in Asia was not a priority. The question was whether…show more content…
They thought that the U.S. wasn?t capable of a war on two fronts, and that doing so would only stretch the U.S. resources too thinly. But Cold War origins had roots in American suspicions of Soviet communism and in Stalin?s aggressive posture toward Eastern Europe and the Persion Gulf, not the Far East. In hindsight, we see that the Soviets were not the schemers of the Korean War, as we can see from the fact that that they were absent from the Security Council vote to begin ?police action? in North Korea. Plus, now that the Soviets had detonated an atomic bomb, relations between the U.S. and Soviet Union needed to be, in Truman?s mind, as cautiously done as possible; a full assault on communism may have caused a third World War. The open-ended struggle against communism gave the president expanded powers to act when unrest threatened, and only at those times. Analysis of MacArthur?s Policy MacArthur approached the situation in Korea in a stronger, more confident manner. He saw that there was also a risk in not engaging Asian communism: an alliance between the USSR and the PRC. He acknowledges that the communist threat is a global one. Its successful advance in one capitalist sector threatens the destruction of the other sectors, and you can?t appease communists in Asia
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