Tsar Nicholas II and 1905 Revolution Essay

1995 Words 8 Pages
Tsar Nicholas II and 1905 Revolution

The Tsar (Nicholas II) survived the 1905 revolution. However, the revolution in 1917 did remove him from power. When asking why Nicholas II survived 1905 there are numerous factors to examine. Both revolutions had extremely similar conditions. Levels of dissatisfaction, strikes and the country moving towards a wartime economy are all examples. It is also important to see small differences which gave the two events such contrasting outcomes and determined the survival and the fall of the Tsar.

In February 1904 war broke out between Russia and Japan over a town called Manchuria situated in Northern China. After suffering a humiliating defeat in the
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They are cheating thee concerning the real state of affairs. The people believe in thee."

Following this act the city started going on strike, the Tsar tried to reason with the workers by saying he would establish an elected assembly to assist the government in their decisions. The strikes continued until Nicholas was forced to act. The people realised, after being fired upon, that their faith in the Tsar was ill founded.

The same conditions did not exist in 1917. The people were under no illusion as to how the Tsar felt about them. During the February Revolution, strikers carried slogans such as "Down with the autocracy" written on them. With no support from the masses, Nicholas II had lost a key ally in his battle to remain in power.

On the 30th of October he issued the 'October Manifesto', this proved enough to satisfy many, especially the middle class who withdrew their support for the strike leading to its collapse. The apparent release of some of his total power proved to be crucial to the Tsar’s survival, as the people would not have rested had there been concessions. The ‘October Manifesto’ promised the following:-

1) Guaranteed freedom of speech

2) Freedom from arrest without due cause

3) An elected Duma (parliament) with power to make laws

4) Legal political parties were allowed

Though the promised elections did take place, the
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