Tsunami : A Disaster Victim Identification

1491 Words Sep 10th, 2016 6 Pages
On 26 December 2004, massive Sumatra – Andaman earthquake achieved a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale. Its epicentre was located off the West coast of Northern Sumatra and was responsible for the tsunami.3,4 The Tsunami brought serious damage to people, properties, communities and natural resources not only in Thailand but also in many other countries around the Indian, Bengal and Andaman oceans.5 It was responsible for more than 280,000 deaths in thirteen countries. Thailand recorded 5,395 death (Thais: 1,972; foreign nationals from at least 36 countries: 2,248; and 1,175 of unknown nationality) and 2,817 were missing (Thais: 1,924).3,6,7 The international disaster victim identification (DVI) led by the Royal Thai Police in Phuket, Thailand in response to the Boxing Day tsunami was one of the largest and most complex in DVI history. Referred to as the Thai Tsunami Victim Identification (TTVI) operation, the group comprised a multinational, multiagency, and multidisciplinary team.

Province Deaths
Phan-Nga 4,225
Krabi 721
Phuket 279
Ranong 159
Satun 6
Trang 5
Total 5,395
Table 1. Death Repartition by Thai Provinces.11

3.1 Identification of human remains

Identification operation of human remains commenced immediately, resulting in local authorities releasing approximately 560 bodies based on visual identification by their families. Thai forensic teams released an additional 1151 bodies, 111 of which were based on dental examination and the rest based on…
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