Tsunami Of The Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning And Mitigation System

1510 Words May 31st, 2016 7 Pages
Early in the morning of December 26, 2004, an earthquake rocked the floor of the Indian Ocean. The 9.1-9.3 magnitude earthquake subsequently caused a series of catastrophic tsunamis to hit the coasts of Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and South Africa. The destruction was devastating, causing just under $10 billion in damage and an estimated $7 billion more in humanitarian aid. Although so much aid was sent to the affected areas, ten years later some of the areas are still suffering from the devastation. Looking back, the main cause of the devastation was the lack of warning systems in place. Although some places like Indonesia may not have had time to evacuate, many other affected areas had plenty of time but were completely uninformed, being taken by surprise. Following the tsunami the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System was created and put into place. A lot can be learned from the lack of warning and preparedness from this disaster in order to better prepare for the future (History.com, Rodgers). Originally, the earthquake registered at a 9.0 on the Richter scale it was later upgraded to a 9.1-9.3. Releasing more energy than all the bombs dropped in WWII, it is the second highest earthquake recorded in history, second to an earthquake in Chile which registered at a 9.5 (National Geographic). It lasted approximately ten minutes making it the longest duration ever observed. This means that the entire Earth vibrated as much as half an inch. This…
Open Document