Tuberculosis : A Serious Infectious Disease

967 WordsMay 9, 20164 Pages
What is Tuberculosis? It is a serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs. The disease is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Even though it usually attacks the lungs, it can easily damage other parts of the body as well. The bacteria can spread in tiny droplets released into the air when a person that has Tuberculosis of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks. The Tuberculosis bacteria causes’ death of tissue in the organs they infect. Infection is most likely to occur if you are exposed to someone with active Tuberculosis on a day-to-day basis. Tuberculosis is not spread by sharing your food or drink, sharing toothbrushes, kissing, touching bed linens or toilet seats. After being a rare disease in developed countries, Tuberculosis infections increased in 1985, because of the emergence of HIV. HIV weakens a person’s immune system so it cannot fight the Tuberculosis germs. The disease began to decrease in the United States, in 1993, because of the stronger control programs. Most people who are exposed to Tuberculosis never develop symptoms because the bacteria can live in an inactive form in the body, also known as Latent Tuberculosis, or Latent TB. But if the immune system weakens, such as in people with HIV or elderly adults, Tuberculosis bacteria can become active. Active Tuberculosis disease can be fatal if left untreated. In Latent Tuberculosis, the bacteria are in an inactive state and can cause no symptoms, and are not
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