Tuberculosis : A World's Greatest Killers

1198 Words Apr 25th, 2016 5 Pages
Re-emerging from the shadows of the AIDS epidemic, tuberculosis is climbing its way back up to being one of the world’s greatest killers. Tuberculosis, an airborne bacterium spreads easily among people living in crowded areas such as in: jails, ships, mines, and slums. TB buries itself in the host’s lungs, and as it grows, it tears apart the lungs tissue leaving its victims coughing up blood. Tuberculosis now kills more people globally than AIDS, making TB one of the top leading infectious causes of death around the world (W.H.O, 2016). Over 95% TB deaths occur in developing countries, mostly in Asia, and Africa.
Tuberculosis also know as TB is caused by and acid fast bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis mainly affects the lungs, but other organs that tuberculosis can affect are the: brain, bones, joints, kidney, lymph nodes, and the spine. A healthy immune system is often able to successfully fight off the TB, however a weakened immune system and certain medications such as: HIV, Kidney disease, certain cancers, Diabetes, Cancer treatments, and malnutrition will increase your chances of contracting Tuberculosis. TB presents itself in many ways in our body. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is active tuberculosis in the lungs, and is contagious. Extra pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is TB outside of the lungs that usually result from tuberculosis spreading from the lungs through the blood stream to other organs in the body. Tuberculosis also presents itself…
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