Tuberculosis As A Prime Leading Health Problem

1563 WordsMar 6, 20167 Pages
Tuberculosis is a prime leading health problem throughout the universe. It is the second utmost cause of death from a contagious agent killing nearly 20 million people each year. There are two major elements that are contributing to the current TB endemic and its combined morbidity and mortality include; growing human immunodeficiency virus outbreaks and rising prevalence of resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains of the most effective anti-TB drugs. Another causative to the development of resistance is the destitute quality of drugs, improper treatment management, patient non-cooperation and malabsorption due to other integral conditions. This paper is comprised of the pathophysiology of TB, etiology, diagnosis, signs and…show more content…
The infection can be unloaded by the host immune system or may be repressed into an inactive form called latent TB infection (LTBI); patient with LTBI can 't transmit TB. The most common site of infection is our lungs; approximately 85% of patients with TB are presented with a pulmonary grievance. Extrapulmonary TB can also occur as part of a late or prime, widespread infection. This type of TB involves organs other than the lungs, for instance, pleura, lymph nodes, abdomen, genitourinary tract, skin, joints, and bones, or meninges. These locations may serve as a reactivation site. (Thomas E. Herchline, 2015) As mentioned earlier so as to M. tuberculosis is discharged into the atmosphere by aerosolization of pulmonary secretion by a diseased pulmonary patient in coughing, sneezing, speaking, and singing. Other methods of transmission are rare. Such as in the past transmission of infection with Mycobacterium Bovis through consumption of milk from infected cows was common, but this means has been brought under control in all developed countries by an elimination of diseased cattle and pasteurization of milk and milk products. This method of transmission may be still prevalent in developing countries if cow 's milk is a common item of food. Managing contaminated fomite is not a problem. Nonetheless, infectivity can occur by way of inoculation when bacilli are introduced into or through the
Open Document