Tuberculosis As A Socially Determined Disease

1615 WordsMay 1, 20177 Pages
Background and Discovery Tuberculosis was one of the first infectious diseases to be documented in human history and continues to afflict and co-evolve with humanity today. This disease is prevalent in mankind as well as in other animals through of the genus of bacteria called Mycobacterium. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, also known as “Bacillus of Koch,” is the species of tuberculosis most common in humans. It is estimated this causative bacterium evolved 50,000 years ago and was discovered in 1883 by Robert Koch (see figure 1). Koch discovered TB by comparing tuberculosis-infected tissue dissections from guinea pigs, brains, lungs of people who had died from blood-borne tuberculosis, and the lungs of chronically infected…show more content…
Still, it is estimated that it reached its peak (as far as the percentage of the affected population) between the late eighteenth and the late nineteenth century. Over time, the various cultures of the world have given different names to the disease: Yaksma (India), Phthisis (Greek), Consumptione (Latin), and Chaky Oncay (Inca), each of which refers to the effect of "drying", "consuming ", Cachexia, which the disease causes. Their high mortality rate among middle-aged adults and the outbreak of romanticism, which emphasized feeling about reason, led many to refer to the disease as the "romantic disease.” Pulmonary tuberculosis is the most frequent and widespread form of the disease. However, the tuberculosis bacillus can also affect other areas of our body, such as larynx, bones and joints, skin (lupus vulgaris), lymph glands (scrofula), intestines, the kidneys and the nervous system. Miliary tuberculosis is a spread of infection to various parts of the body through the blood. This type of tuberculosis can reach the meninges (membranes that line the spinal cord and the brain), causing serious infections denominated "tuberculous meningitis".In several countries, there was the idea that many thought that by 2010, the disease would be nearly controlled and non-existent. However, the advent of HIV and AIDS has drastically changed
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