Tuberculosis Is A Airborne Bacterial Disease Caused By Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Bacteria ( Mtb ) Essay

756 WordsMar 28, 20164 Pages
Overview Tuberculosis is a airborne bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria (Mtb). It is one of the most common diseases worldwide. A person can either have an Mtb infection (inactive) or the TB disease (active). (1, 3) Etiology and Pathology Mtb is mainly found in the human being and in their respiratory tract. It can also be found in the brain, kidneys and spine by leaving the capillaries into the interstitial fluid. TB can be spread person to person when someone who is infected exhales the bacteria. There are two types of Mtb inactive and active. (1, 2) The inactive vision is also known as Mtb infection or latent TB. This means that the bacteria are in the body but not cause the body any harm. The infected person is also not contagious. This could be because the body immune system is properly fighting and contain Mtb. Then, Mtb will become dormant to wait for the immune system to weakened to become infectious. The bacteria can stay dormant for decades with the person infected showing symptoms. (1-2) The active version is called the TB disease. This is where the bacteria are reproducing and attacking the body’s organs in a process called consumption. This happens in people who have weakened immune system. (1) TB can become drug resistance. There are to two type of drug resistance that bacteria goes, though. Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB) and Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB). MDR TB is where that bacterium is resistance to
Open Document