Tuberculosis Is A Bacteria Disease

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Tuberculosis (TB), is a bacteria disease caused by the bacterium Mycocardium Tuberculosis (Brennen, 2003). Tuberculosis is unique in a way that the bacterium is neither gram negative or gram positive (Brennen, 2003). For example, “It is classified as acid-fast Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria being the kind that usually cause disease in humans. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a bacillus or rod shaped bacteria. It has a unique and lipid cell wall that is composed primarily of mycolic acid and a high resistance to the human macrophages” (Brennen, 2003). Mycocardium Tuberculosis is only able to infect humans. However, there is a type of tuberculosis called “Bovine Tuberculosis,” that can infect cows and other animals ( Public Heath Agency of Canada, 2014). Bovine Tuberculosis is carried through the animals milk and that is why pasteurization of milk is a necessity. The Canadian Government stated, “Before 1960, all cattle in Canada were tested for tuberculosis and infected animals were eliminated. The federal government gave farmers money to compensate for the cattle they lost, and today ensures that all milk sold in Canada is safe to drink by strictly enforcing pasteurization regulations” (Public Heath Agency of Canada, 2014). Tuberculosis at one point was a very serious and life threatening disease. Fortunately, according to the Canadian Lung Association, in Canada, TB is not very common. In 2008, there had been 1600 cases of TB (2014). In Canada, TB is most
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