Tuberculosis Essay

1779 Words Jan 25th, 2014 8 Pages
Epidemiology Paper: Tuberculosis

Kyle J. Patzner

Grand Canyon University: Concepts in Community and Public Health

January 12, 2014

Tuberculosis has long been a disease that the human culture has been dealing with which entails significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. With dealing with such a horrific disease over the years, discoveries and evolution on the appropriate ways to contain, diagnose, and challengingly treat the disease has changed. One of the most concerning complications of this worldwide public health issue is the ability for it to quickly spread in high populated areas while becoming ever more resistant to forms of treatment not available in all locations around the world. This is a serious public
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With the close proximity infection range TB is known for completes the remainder of the epidemiologic triangle. Overcrowded environments are the coal to the fire of this transmittable disease with outbreaks capable of occurring, infection hundreds. Common symptoms of this active form of tuberculosis include: weight loss, coughing, fatigue, fever, night sweats, chills, and loss of appetite (MayoClinic, 2014). The Mayo Clinic also states that it is believed that 2 billion (one third) of the world population is living with Latent TB (2014). This emphasizes the need for public health and community involvement in order to completely abolish this disease from our planet.

Current treatment of this disease is a complex, long process. Because of TBs notorious background of being resistant to many drugs, treatment usually consists of an antibiotic regimen lasting upwards of 6-12 months. Treatment also varies from individual to individual. Age, health, TB form, and location of infection all impact the type of treatment one is given to aide in curing the disease (MayoClinic, 2014). Regardless, treatment of this disease is not an easy task for many reasons. Compliance and patients tolerance to such a strict medication regimen for a prolonged period of time is a huge variable which decreases the likeness of successful treatment related to increased occurrences of medication side effects and missed dosages. According to World Health Organization

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