Tuberculosis ( Tb ) Is A Disease Caused By The Bacteria Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis which is easily spread through the air. Those infected can spread the germ to others through sneezing, coughing laughing and talking. TB is more of a health threat in Georgia than most people realize. Data from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates there were 335 active cases reported in Georgia during 2014 (CDC, 2016). M. tuberculosis is a nonsporulating rod-shaped bacteria which is classified as gram-positive. The cells in this bacteria inhibit it from being stained so it is classified as gram-positive based on its ability to infect humans. This pathogen causes a challenge to itself; its cell wall is composed of multiple layers and the rod shape makes it hard for the it to maintain its correct structure during the replication process. TB is one of the world’s oldest diseases. Early in the 17 century, Dr. Benjamin Martin, an English doctor linked transmission of the germ from a sick individual to others around him through close contact. It was referred to as “Captain Among these Men of Death” during the 18th and 19th centuries due to the number of people in North America and Europe infected and killed by this bacteria (Daniel, 2006). Based on historical evidence, TB can be traced back as far as 5,000 years in Egypt. The germ was continuously spread as those infected migrated to different regions. TB was considered to be a disease that was inherited in Northern Europe and
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