Tuberculosis : Tuberculosis And The World Health Organization

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Tuberculosis Epidemiology According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2014, 9.6 million Americans were infected with the Tuberculosis (TB) disease. Over the years many programs and initiatives have been implemented to decrease the occurrences of TB disease in America. As long individuals are educated on the prevention of tuberculosis fatal complications can be prevented through early treatment. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the description of Tuberculosis and the demographic of interest, determinants of health and how determinants contribute to the development of Tuberculosis, epidemiologic triangle, role of the community health nurse, and the World Health Organization that works to address…show more content…
Furthermore, the mode of transmission with TB disease is through air borne droplets that are released into the air when a TB infected individual coughs, sneezes, or sings (CDC, 2012). It is important to treat individuals with the Latent TB infection with isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF), rifapentine (RPT) to prevent the development of Tuberculosis disease. In like manner, with Tuberculosis disease individuals are treated with isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF), ethambutol (EMB), and pyrazinamide (PZA) for six to nine months of treatment. The incidence of TB disease in the United States are within the African- American, Hispanic, Asian communities, international travelers, younger children, correctional facilities, individuals with HIV, and the homeless (CDC, 2012). Determinants of Health and how they Contribute to the Development of Tuberculosis The social determinants of health can play a major role in the development of Tuberculosis. To demonstrate a social determinant of health it is where people live, work, age, and play. There is healthcare access, parks, transportation, social support, job opportunities, public safety, quality of education, availability to healthy foods, safe housing, and technology (HealthyPoeple.gov, 2016). On the other h.and, the determinants of TB disease include poor nutrition, lack of homes, poor ecological conditions,
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