Turning Points in the Civil War

1863 WordsNov 7, 20118 Pages
Analytical Assignment Turning points that occur during a conflict such as a civil war may be found in men, as well as forces of events. Turning points are the moments or acts which are thought to have had profound effects which are necessary to drive the war along the course which it took. During the American Civil War in the 1860’s there can be a widespread debate over which actual event was the turning point in the war that led to a Union victory. Most analysts refer to July 4th, 1864 when the Confederacy retreated from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Vicksburg, Mississippi surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant and the Union as the turning point for the North in the civil war. Historian James McPherson goes examines these events in great…show more content…
McPherson’s account that the Confederates were unable to fight is not supported by his claims that the two groups of the Confederate soldiers continued waging war on two fronts even with the limited supplies occasioned by the cutting of the Texas supply corridor and the passage from Arkansas (McPherson, 2009). How could soldiers who were reeling from deprivation of all food supplies still engage in warfare? The siege claimed at Vicksburg is indefensible and seems fictional if interrogated in the light of their engagement in the subsequent battle at Chattanooga. McPherson argues that thought the Confederate forces were now under the unfaltering General Bragg Braxton, they scampered for safety when faced with a strong Union army from the north at Chattanooga. He avers that the defeated Confederates opened a wide corridor for General William Sherman-led Union forces to march through the Confederate region without facing any military resistance from the Confederates. James Rawley largely agrees that the Gettysburg and Vicksburg battles were as much as a turning point in the war as the Battle at Antietam. Rawley truly appreciates that the South was a potent an army as the Union forces and were as close to victory as possible just before July of 1863. Compared to McPherson, James takes a more balanced view of the war, drawing his many conclusions from past written accounts of the events of the war. In the
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