Type 1 Diabetes : Disease Control And Prevention

1589 Words Aug 6th, 2015 7 Pages
Type 1 Diabetes

According to Centers of Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) and American Diabetes Association that in 2012, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population had diabetes. Of which, approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have type 1 diabetes. It is also stated in the American Diabetes Association that 8.1 million of the 29.1 million were undiagnosed. A statistics from the CDC shows that 1 out of 4 people do not know they have diabetes supporting the American Diabetes Association. In 2012, 86million Americans age 20 and up had pre diabetes: this is from 79 million in 2010 according to American Diabetes Association. CDC pointed out that 9 out of 10 do not know they have pre diabetes. In the United States in 2010, diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death, with 69,071 death certificate listing diabetes as the cause of death and a total of 234,051 death certificate listing diabetes as contributing cause of death.

So what is diabetes? Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over prolonged period. There are two types of diabetes and for the purpose of this paper I will be discussing only the Type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. In other words with type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks part of its own pancreas. Scientists, however, are not sure as to why this occurs. But…
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