Type 1 Diabetes Type 2

Decent Essays
One type of chronic disease that numerous individuals must live with is diabetes, which has two types. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), diabetes type 1 is also known as juvenile diabetes and occurs when the individual’s body lacks insulin, the hormone needed to properly distribute glucose. On the other hand type 2 is due to insulin resistance, which occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin to keep glucose levels in the blood stream under control (ADA). Etiology is the cause of, or investigation to find the cause of, a disease or condition. Similarly with other diseases, diabetes is caused by a multitude of factors, not one sole reason. Both forms of diabetes are a public health issue because these conditions…show more content…
The most recent study in 2012 showed that 29.1 million Americans, which accounts for 9.3% of the total population, had diabetes and 1.25 million of these people specifically had type 1 diabetes (ADA). They also found diabetes to be especially prevalent in seniors aged 65 and older, while people under the age of 20 are less affected proportionately but with large numbers of type 1. There are a wide range signs and symptoms of diabetes that people may often overlook but could be serious when paired. According to ADA for type 1 diabetes, one telling sign is when an individual is losing weight while eating the same amount. For type 2, people may experience sensations in their hands and feet like tingling, pain, or numbness. However symptoms of diabetes in general include frequent urination, irrational feelings of thirst or hunger, extreme fatigue, blurry vision, and injuries that are slow to heal (ADA). In respect to the multicausation disease model, factors that affect the development of diabetes the most are your genetic endowment, because certain genes give individuals a predisposition to diabetes, the environment, and your behavioral choices. Risk factors for diabetes are cold weather, viruses, and modifiable risk factors such as lack of healthy foods and…show more content…
Although genetics and other unmodifiable risk plays a large role in the appearance of the disease, there are steps that individuals could take to prevent diabetes. Primary prevention could take the form of health education in schools and the community to learn about how nutrition choices greatly affect health and limit the chances of diabetes. Secondary prevention of diabetes works to reduce its severity and is done through early diagnosis or individuals that look out for and acknowledge the symptoms of diabetes. Tertiary prevention is done in efforts to rehabilitate the individuals that suffered the disease, however since diabetes is a chronic condition that may affect people throughout their whole life, health insurance or insulin treatment could be what they require instead to prevent further
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