Type Ii Diabetes: Obesity

1729 Words Aug 28th, 2013 7 Pages
Type II diabetes: obesity and overweight
Monica Davila

Type II diabetes: obesity and overweight Diabetes has become a widespread epidemic, primarily because of the increasing prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is an endocrine disease in which the body has either a shortage of insulin or a decrease ability to use insulin or both. Insulin is a hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells and be converted into energy. Diabetes can be characterized as a prevailing, incapacitating, and deadly disease. There are a number of risk factors that increase a person’s tendency toward developing type II diabetes. Modifiable risk factors include obesity, physical inactivity and poor dietary habits are just a few. The
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The American lifestyle of convenience and inactivity has had a damaging toll on every fragment of society, particularly on children. One solution that is recommended is weight loss by special dietary guidance and setting a goal that is both reachable and sustainable. The vast majority of overweight people at risk of type 2 diabetes can prevent symptoms by losing a few percent of their body weight. Moderate weight loss can improve insulin action, decrease fasting blood glucose concentrations, and reduce the need for diabetes medication. Weight loss has important additional health benefits in patients with diabetes because it improves other risk factors for cardiovascular disease by decreasing blood pressure, improving serum lipid concentrations (decreases in serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol concentrations and increases in serum HDL-cholesterol concentrations)(Klein & Sheard, 2004).
Weight loss is recommended for all overweight or obese adults who have type 2 diabetes or who are at risk of this disease. It is important to set a weight-loss goal that is both achievable and maintainable. A variety of diets have been suggested to treat obesity. Although many different dietary approaches may result in short-term weight loss, the limitations of most diets are