Types And Types Of Collagen

1478 WordsNov 2, 20156 Pages
All proteins are composed of amino acids, organic molecules made from Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen. Collagen is the most ample protein in mammals, in fact collagen constitutes around 25 % of a mammals entire protein content, Collagen is more precisely a family of proteins rather than one particular protein. Fibroblasts are the cells that usually produce collagen. Collagen is a complex molecules so doesn’t have a simple chemical structure for it; diagrams usually show collagen as a fiber.(Helmenstine 2015). There are 19 types of collagen in the collagen family, the 5 most abundant are type I collagen, found in connective tissue of skin, bones, teeth, tendons, ligaments, fascia and organ capsules, type II found in joint cartilage, type III, found in connective tissue of our organs such as liver, spleen and kidneys and type IV & V are the separating layer between epithelial and endothelial cells as well as between skeletal or smooth muscle cells , lens capsule, Schwann & glial cells of the nervous system.(Cellbone® technology 2007) Collagen is fibrous, fibrous proteins tend to have the hydrophilic R groups brought to the inside of the molecule and the hydrophobic R groups tend to be pushed to the outside of the molecule making it insoluble due to the hydrophobic and hydrophilic interactions . Collagen is also a strong structural protein thus Collagen suits its function in animal connective tissues such as bone skin and muscle. (Fullick et al 2015)
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