Types Of Action Research Methods And Approaches

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Types of Action Research In action research there are several types that influence research methods and approaches. In 1999, J.D. White describe three models to research explanatory, interpretive and critical that formed by a complimentary philosophical position and logic. (Newton & Burgess, 2008). The explanatory research is influenced by positivist in the philosophy of science, interpretive is fundamentally in regards to the discovering meaning of a social phenomenon and critical is involved in the effects political, social or personal change (Newton & Burgess, 2008). These models were the works of Haberman (1987) because of his interest in human knowledge constitutive. This type of knowledge can also be contributed to claims to the…show more content…
In a simpler explanation to the type of approaches in action research would be from Calhoun (1993). She wrote that there were only three individual teacher research, collaborative and schoolwide action research. Calhoun (1993) also stated that where selecting the type of approach there are five criteria’s to keep in mind. The first is the process and purpose, support provided by outside agencies, the kind of data used the audience and expected side effects. The individual teacher research purpose is when the teacher defines the concerns such as classroom management or students’ cognitive. This is the time to find a solution; students may or may not be involved to generate alternatives. Outside influences is when the researcher uses a quantitative data that includes measuring and testing. They consider ways to address the problem, record the effects modification to act on the outcomes. The audience in this approach would be the teachers involved in the research. If the students are part of the research they too must be considered as the audience. The side effects in individual teacher research may include outside the environment where the research is being done. At times teachers in the same institution may be doing research on similar topics it is their choice if they will interact and report their outcomes. Next, is the collaborative
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