Types Of Bacteria And Its Effects On The Environment

890 Words4 Pages
Microbes are ubiquitous in the biosphere, and their existence invariably influences the environment that they are growing in. The environment in this case can be air, water, or soils that cover the planet. Depending on the types of bacteria, their effects on the environment could be harmful, unapparent, or beneficial with regard to human observation. Using microorganism to study environment may provide a clearer picture about how complicated ecosystem is operating. Since microbes are very small, the large populations can quickly reproduce and be studied compared to larger organisms. A better understanding of environmental microbiology may help scientists better manage this planet, its diminishing renewable resources and to protect universal ecological systems. Since microbes are so small to observe, they are the final organisms to be categorized with less than one percent yet described. Thus in order to quantify and determine the number of microbes in the environment, many methods are utilized to allow scientist have a general ideas about the population of these ubiquitous organisms. One of the most popular storehouse of microorganisms in the environment is soil. Most microbes can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions, but each usually prefers a specific soil condition at which they grow best. Some soil microorganisms can live in the harsh conditions such as frozen soils, hot terrestrial environment, acidic or alkaline soil. The types of microbes live in an area could be
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