Types Of Diabetes Mellitus And Treatment For Each Type

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Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that occurs in millions of Americans. It occurs when the body cannot secrete insulin or when the insulin secreted is not effectively utilized. This disease can be silent in the beginning stages yet deadly once the organs suffer severe damage along with the nerves and blood vessels. Type one and type two diabetes are comparable but have many differences which will be discussed. Introduction Statistics list diabetes as being the 7th deadliest disease among Americans. There are many horrible symptoms that the affected patients’ of this disease experience and many complications that will occur from the growing progression of the disease. There are some differences in type one and type two…show more content…
It is very important in detecting diabetes early to decrease complications of this disease. There are several ways to diagnose diabetes with each way normally having to be repeated on a separate day in order to properly diagnose diabetes. If a patient’s blood glucose level is high or they have symptoms of high blood glucose as well as a positive test, they may order a second test for diagnoses. Some tests include A1C, Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG), Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), and the Random (or Casual) Plasma Glucose Test. Complications of diabetes mellitus are a result of the high levels of blood glucose which can damage capillaries in the kidneys, heart, eyes, or nervous system. That’s why, if not treated, can eventually cause hypoglycemia, hypertension, heart attack, cardiovascular disease, dyslipidemia, heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, blindness, nerve damage in the hands and feet, and even amputations. Type one diabetes is called juvenile diabetes since it is commonly diagnosed in children and young adults. One symptom of type one diabetes that isn’t relevant in type two is weight loss even when
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