Types Of Major Depressive Disorder

1500 WordsMay 16, 20166 Pages
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is categorised by loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities and a depressed mood (Burton, Westen & Kowalski, 2015). Symptoms include disturbances in sleep, appetite, concentration and energy. Sufferers often feel worthless, shoulder excessive guilt and, experience suicidal thoughts (Burton et al., 2015). Episodes often last 5 months (Spijker et al., 2002, as cited in Burton et al., 2015). One in seven Australians will experience depression (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009, as cited in Burton et al., 2015). MDD is also associated with a high suicide and relapse rate (Maj et al., 1992, as cited in Burton et al., 2015). Three treatment methods for MMD will be evaluated; interpersonal psychotherapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and, psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. Through this evaluation it becomes clear that combined treatment is the most effective method. Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is an effective treatment option but due to its limits, not as effective as other options. This treatment will be evaluated using two studies. IPT developed to treat acute depression, although it is more widely used today (van Hees, Rotter, Ellermann, Evers, 2013). IPT focuses on interpersonal stressors and strengthening social supports (Koszychi et al., 2012). The first study is a review of the effectiveness of interpersonal psychotherapy in adult outpatients. This review did systematic searches of PubMed and PsycINFO

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