Types of Justice as Outlined in the Ralsian Theory

1671 Words Jan 23rd, 2014 7 Pages
Justice is another important ethical standard. Justice involves protecting individual rights, or preventing an injustice to an individual. Justice also requires us to compare cases to avoid discriminating or treating people differently who are alike in relevant respects. Succinctly, it means treating people fairly.

Issues involving questions of justice and fairness are usually divided into three categories, that of distributive justice, retributive justice and compensatory justice.
Distributive justice, a theory based on writings of John Rawls, perhaps the most basic category, is concerned with the fair distribution of society’s benefits and burdens.
Rawls felt that everything must be done in an act of achieving fairness throughout.
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It helps business constantly achieve greater results because someone is always pushing to do better. Fairness throughout a company no matter an employee's background would cause extreme issues for management and would most likely cause more issues than results.

Retributive justice concerns the justice of blaming or punishing persons for doing wrong. When we say “the punishment must fit the crime,” we are calling for retributive justice. The conditions of ignorance and inability are relevant in determining the justice of punishing or blaming someone for doing wrong. If people do not know or freely choose what they are doing they cannot justly be punished or blamed for it.
A second kind of condition of just punishments is assurance that the person being punished actually did wrong. Penalizing an employee on the basis of insubstantial or incomplete evidence is rightly considered an injustice.
A third kind of condition of just punishments is that they must be consistent and proportioned to the wrong. Punishment is consistent only when everyone is given the same penalty for the same infraction; punishment is proportioned to the wrong when the penalty is no greater in magnitude than the harm that the wrongdoer inflicted. It is unjust, for example, for a manager to impose harsh penalties for minor infractions of rules or to be lenient toward favorites but harsh towards all

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