Types of Needs & Malthus Theory

2281 WordsDec 7, 201010 Pages
What is a need? * Require as useful, just, or proper. * A condition requiring relief. * Anything that is necessary but lacking. * A state of extreme poverty or destitution. Positive, GNMENT 1hunger that compels action for its satisfaction. Needs range from basic survival needs (common to all human beings) satisfied by necessities, to cultural, intellectual, and social needs (varying from place to place and age group to age group) satisfied by necessaries. Needs are finite but, in contrast, wants (which spring from desires or wishes) are boundless. A need is something that is necessary for organisms to live a healthy life. Needs are distinguished from wants because a deficiency would cause a clear negative outcome,…show more content…
These needs are all about by personal development. In a work context a person's job, career, or profession can provide a significant satisfaction of growth needs. Varying needs ERG Theory recognizes that the order of importance of the three categories may vary for each individual depending on the circumstances experienced by the individual and also how the individual perceives the circumstances.According to ERG theory, focusing exclusively on any one need at a time will not optimise effective motivation.The leadership and management implications of this are that change leaders need to recognise that people have multiple needs to satisfy simultaneously. There seems to a general concensus that ERG theory provides a workable explanation of the dynamics of human needs as experienced and expressed in organisational situations. The theory is less rigid than Maslow's famous "Hierarchy of Needs" theory, and Human needs cluster more neatly around the three categories proposed by Alderfer than the five categories in Maslow’s hierarchy. Also, the identification of the processes of satisfaction-progression and frustration-regression offers a more flexible and realistic explanation of why and how people's needs can change: * To their own changing circumstances * Their own perception of those circumstances * To their leaders
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