Types of Tasks for Learning

2835 Words Jul 8th, 2018 12 Pages
1. real-world tasks
Designed to emphasize those skills that learners need to have so they can function in the real world; such tasks simulate authentic task behavior and focus on end product. These are tasks which use authentic materials and situations. Learners are required to approximate, in class, the sorts of behaviors required of them in the world beyond the classroom (Nunan, 2004).
1.1. Rehearsal Task: helps learner to practice something they are going to need to do outside the classroom. These tasks are not like real world task or target task, but they are adapted to classroom conditions for teaching purposes. For Example: Write your resume and exchange it with a partner, Study the positions available advertisements in the
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The assessment of the task is in terms of its outcome”. (Skehan, 1998, P.95) (Eliss, 2003) Brings six features of a task:
1- A task is a workplan. A task constitutes a plan for learner activity.
2- A task involves a primary focus on meaning and engages learners in using language pragmatically.
3- A task involves real-world processes of language use.
4- A task can involve any of the four language skills.
5- A task engages cognitive processes such as selecting , classifying, ordering , reasoning and evaluating information.
6- A task has a clearly defined communicative outcome.
2.3.4 Task Component
Nunan (2004) introduced the components of a task which are: 2.3.5 Task vs. exercise
Task
A task is a communicative act that does not usually have a restrictive focus on a single grammatical structure and has a non-linguistic outcome (Nunan, 2004).The following are the main characteristics of tasks:
1- Tasks are free. Students are given free will to use language for communicative purposes.
2- Focus on multiple skills rather than on one and they are used in context.
3- Tasks are communicative and usually authentic and they are meaningful and focus is on content.
4- Correction of tasks is delayed and is done through observation and awareness rising.
Exercise
1. An exercise usually has a
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