Types of Utilitarianism

1211 WordsFeb 25, 20185 Pages
The utilitarian approach to moral obligation is different; its proponents are John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham. There are two types of utilitarianism: The act utilitarianism and the rule utilitarianism. But Critics of utilitarianism have claimed that the moral theory is capable of accounting for the stringency of certain kinds of moral obligation such as promissory obligations. However, Sartorius (1969) asserts that act utilitarianism claims that features of moral obligation are based upon retrospective considerations-Utilitarian and non –utilitarian moral philosophers alike have typically described normative ethics as been concerned with the provision of a theory or account of our moral obligation, implying that there are no philosophically relevant distinctions to be made between what a man ought to do and what man has an obligation to do. The rule utilitarian who would agree that an obligation or duty is not necessarily a moral obligation; they suggest that an obligation arises within instutions of practices which on utilitarian grounds attract good and bad consequences; which is then a moral obligation. Sartorius (1969) suggests that the act-utilitarian may then say that even though the reason for the existence of an obligation may lie in the past, there are still many grounds for a given moral obligation; which does not determine whether the act is fulfilled from a sense of duty or other motives and end result. Quillian (1949) treatment of the concept of moral
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