U.S. Constitution

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Constitution Paper The United States Constitution provides the National Government three distinctive branches of government: the Executive, the Legislative, and the Judicial Branch, each with its own form of powers, duties and roles. Separation of powers and duties within the branches enable them to check and balance one another as well as balance the authority of the other two. Article 1 of the Constitution is the Legislative Branch which makes up The House of Representatives and Senate, collectively known well as Congress. The Legislative Branch creates laws, declares wars, conducts interstate and foreign commerce and has power over taxing and spending policies. Only the House of Representatives takes care of laws: “Every Bill who…show more content…
The Executive and Legislative Branches are elected by the people. However, members of the Judicial Branch are arranged by the President and established by the Senate. The Judicial Branch interprets laws, applies them to cases and decides if the law violates the Constitution. It is comprised of the Supreme Court and other federal courts: “The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish” (Article 3 Sec. 1). The Judicial branch has jurisdiction, which means the power of the court to hear a case. The Supreme Court is the ruling court and has full jurisdiction under the Constitution. The case can also be within the boundaries of a state or between citizens within the same state as well as different states: “The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity; arising under this Constitution…the Supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction” (Article 3 Sec. 2). As stated, the Supreme Court can provide jurisdiction under any circumstance and the lower, more inferior federal courts can interpret and hear cases under their own set of powers. The Judicial Branch works cooperatively with the Legislative branch. Congress makes laws and courts interpret and analyze them to see if their unconstitutional or lawful. This is another example of the checks and balances system in play: “…the Supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both
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