U.S. Judicial System Assessment

587 WordsFeb 17, 20182 Pages
U.S Judicial System Assessment 1. The constitution determines how the federal and state courts work(Judicial learning center, 2012). The courts were organized with the aim of protecting state rights and limiting the power of the federal government(Judicial learning center, 2012). The jurisdiction of the courts can be deduced from their names. Federal courts are national in nature while state courts vary according to each state. State courts have general jurisdiction while federal courts have a limited jurisdiction (Judicial learning center, 2012). Federal courts are limited to, handling two types of cases (Judicial learning center, 2012). These are cases concerned with a federal question and those regarding the diversity of citizenship (Judicial learning center, 2012). This means that state courts handle most of the cases in the country. State legislatures make laws which are interpreted by the state courts (Judicial learning center, 2012). 2. a) Common law relies on precedents set by other courts (QuickMBA, 2010). In applying this law, judges refer to the findings and rulings of other courts (QuickMBA, 2010). This law is mostly used in state courts (QuickMBA, 2012). The origins of this practice can be traced back to the 13th century, when the royal judges began writing their decisions and the reasons that informed them (QuickMBA, 2012). The Common law is often applied in solving cases involving schools. These cases revolve around the freedom of expression. b)
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