Mexican Borderlands Essay

Decent Essays
The border region has seen “rapid transformation in a short span of time, changing from a cattle ranching and mining area that attracted U.S., Mexican and European capitalists…to the center of a lucrative vice and pleasure-based tourist industry, to a region that …attracted an extraordinary amount of international capital to its manufacturing and services sector”. (Ganster/Lorey 2) Events and years such as the implementation of the railroad, the years before the Mexican Revolution, the land reform in 1936 and 1937, the implementation of the maquiladora program and the 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has had a significant impact on the U.S. Mexican Borderlands.
The implementation of railroad throughout the Mexico and its
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(Ganster/Lorey 37) As the value of resources grew so did the number of U.S. investors. Ganster and Lorey assert that “U.S. investors owned several million acres of land… [and] they controlled the larges mining enterprises in the state [Sonora]”. (Ganster/Lorey 40) Therefore, the completion of the railroad system was an imperative step to the early economic development of Mexico. The years from 1880 until The Mexican Revolution of 1910 contained issues that had an enormous effect on the border region. Diaz’s plan to establish “order” meant “political centralization”. (Ganster/Lorey 54) Diaz would offer a certain amount of freedom to settlers in return for preventing confrontations with “nomadic indigenous groups”. (Ganster/Lorey 54) Eventually, Diaz took away its citizens right to elect government officials and began to appoint them himself. (Ganster/Lorey 54) Soon after conflicts between communities and property owners, local citizens and politicians began to develop and in time “conflict over power centered on resources, the fencing off of woods and prairies became the focus of the struggle”. (Ganster/Lorey 55) Diaz’s plan to institute “progress” meant “the rapid commercialization of agrarian and extractive activities”. (Ganster/Lorey 55) Land was a major contribution to the Mexican Revolution. In 1905 a new law was passed, under Enrique Creel administration, stating that all community
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