U.s. History During The Colonial Period

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One of the most significant events in U.S. history during the late colonial period was the Boston Tea Party. After the Boston Massacre in spring of 1770, all of the Townshend acts had been repealed except the tea tax, and tensions went down, for the most part, between the colonists and the British. Two years later, however, the Gaspee incident and consequent formation of the Committee of Correspondence brought the tension back, to an alarming degree. Then in 1773, when Lord North tried to help the British East India Company by allowing them to export tea to America without paying taxes, many colonists were furious. The price reduction in the tea was rightly seen as both a sneaky business tactic, and an attempt to pacify the colonies so Britain could continue taxing them unfairly. By December 16th of that year, a group of Patriots in Boston made a decision that turned out to have monumental consequences: Dressed as Mohawks, the rebels destroyed an entire shipment of British tea, throwing over 300 chests of it overboard as other colonists cheered. Lord North and King George were furious and determined that “the colonists must either submit or triumph” (Tindall and Shi 128). This so-called “Tea Party” led to the creation of the Coercive Acts. Enacted by Parliament in 1774, they were designed to punish the rebels by setting harsh restrictions and rules. The Boston Port Act, for example, mandated that no one could use the Boston port until the East India Company was reimbursed
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