Essay on U214 Tma01

1165 WordsMay 10, 20135 Pages
Late Modern English, a global language spoken around the world by over 2 billion people can trace its roots to the Germanic language introduced by Anglo-Saxon invaders in the 5th century. Before the arrival of the Anglo Saxons, many parts of Britain were bilingual Celtic-Latin speakers, although very few traces of Celtic remain in the English language – other than in place names, for example Avon and Ouse – which derive from the Celtic word for ‘water’, and words found more in local dialects than mainstream English – for example ‘broc’ for badger. The Germanic languages of the Anglo Saxons themselves evolved as a result of centuries of Roman occupation and interaction among different tribes.[1] Furthermore the invaders did not…show more content…
Following the Norman Conquest, many words were borrowed from French. These words tend to demonstrate the difference in status between the language of the conquerors, and that of the conquered. The English words that remain are those of the lower classes – in terms of clothing ‘shirt’ rather than ‘apparel’, for food ‘sheep’ compared to ‘mutton’. In more modern times the interaction of English speakers with other languages, through first colonialism, and later the emergence of English as a global language has enriched the vocabulary (‘pyjama’) and led to the evolution of different versions of English around the world, for example the hybrid ‘Singlish’ that has emerged in Singapore. The integration of loan words into English were also a reflection of how the language was used; French was the language of court government and law, and many words used in these contexts are borrowed from French for example ‘accuse’ ‘justice’ and crime. Returning to the Genesis texts, changes in the appearance of words (in particular the loss of some characters) underline that English today is very different from English 1500 years ago. The character ‘ȝ’ has been replaced by ‘y’, The character ‘ƥ’ has been replaced by the sound ‘th’ in that, ǒ by the sound ‘th’ in thin and ‘æ’ is used for the short ‘a’ sound in ‘nap’. If we replace these characters with their modern equivalents, then alien looking Old English words become much

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