Essay on UN Peacekeeping

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Even though, the UN charter does not mention the creation of a peacekeeping force, it has become a major instrument to deter violence and conflict since WWII. Particularly, after Cold War, international peacekeeping has climbed to the top of the agenda of the United Nations (UN) and many national governments (Druckman, et.al, 1997). As result, the UN peacekeeping currently operates in more than 60 disputed areas. Are these peacekeeping are effective in sustaining peace and stability? Or they are not? What are the scholars’ perspective on success and failure of peacekeeping? Did they agree or have divergent perspective?
Peacekeeping operations can help to resolve conflict without bloodshed. But, scholars have competing perspective on the
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II. United Nation and Peacekeeping
In fact, a researched published in 1990, Peacekeeping in international politics, traced peacekeeping origins back to the delimitation commissions of early 1920s that redraw a number of European frontiers after the First World War (James, 1990). With the end of World War II, the establishment of the United Nation made member states to committee themselves for peace and stability of world and borrowed the ‘peacekeeping’ term back from 1920s.
But, in order to keep peace and security, the UN Charter offers specific settlement of disputes without mentioning the requirement of peacekeeping and its involvement in conflicting parties.
More explicitly, if any prolongation of dispute threaten the international security following failure to resolve peacefully , the Security Council will make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken (The UN, 2010; Smith, 2003). Among the measures peacekeeping become major mechanism of dealing conflict among disputed parties.
In addation, the uncertainty of collective security to prevent international conflict and the problem of war led member states of the United Nations to opt for a different solution – peacekeeping. As result, peacekeeping came to exist to facilitate armed conflicts control without agreement or agreed definition, nor mentioning in the United Nations (UN) charter (Goulding, 1993; Pelcovits &
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