US Hispanic Women and Fertility Rates

1844 WordsFeb 26, 20187 Pages
Of all the racial groups in the U.S., Hispanic women have the greatest fertility rate. The health care system in the U.S. is used less than its full capacity by Hispanic women, especially after recent migration to the U.S. Among recent immigrants, protective factors such as traditions, health values and behaviors are shown to guard and strengthen health. Safeguards to health deteriorate sharply as they acculturate to U.S. society ((Sanchez-Birkhead, 2010). Acculturation is the extent to which an individual from one non-dominant group adopts parts of the dominant group’s culture (Roncancio, 2011). A research study was performed to understand the link between cultural and traditional health beliefs and its effect on health care decision making using Dr. Nancy Krieger’s ecosocial framework. Dr. Krieger, professor of social epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, designed the framework to examine closely social inequalities in health and disease distribution within a population (Krieger, 2014). A narrative analysis was made from a small sample group of 20 immigrant women. Interviews were conducted in both English and Spanish. The average duration of interviews was about 1-2 hours. As part of the study, demographic data was gathered along with an acculturation scale. An average scale of 2.99 was determined whether a participant is of high or low acculturation status. Twelve questions pertaining to each participant’s choice of language within social interactions at
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