Title of Presentation: Immigration is More Complex than it Seems. Specific Purpose: To inform about immigration in the United States. Thesis Statement: Today I will be informing you about immigration in the United States. Introduction I. According to migrationpolicy.org, accessed October 16, 2017, “In 2015 (alone), 1.38 million foreign-born individuals moved to the
The costs and benefits current, native workers see when the number of H-1B visas distributed are increased, is depended on several factors. One factor is the age of the current, native worker. In a study conducted by Sari Pekkala Kerr, stated that there is a substitutionary effect, that occurs with young skilled immigrants workers, versus older, current native workers (4). This is a cost to older, current native workers, but a benefit for younger, current, native workers. Younger, current, native workers are more complementary to young, skilled immigrants. Another factor is the skill set held, by the current, native worker. By having more skilled workers, generally speaking, regardless of citizen or immigration, will increase the productivity and innovation in the firm. This is a benefit for specialized, current, native workers.
The first institution that plays a major role in immigration is the Department of Homeland Security (DOH). John Francis Kelly is the fifth and current United States Secretary of the Department. Within the Department of Homeland Security lies the U.S. Citizenships and Immigration Services (USCIS). According to “Who Does what in U.S. Immigration”, the USCIS, “…is responsible for providing immigration-related services such as processing immigrant and nonimmigrant benefits; adjudicating refugee, asylee, and naturalization petitions; and granting or denying work authorization”. USCIS has four eligibility requirements:
The purpose of the immigrant program is to assist men, women, and families who are having difficulties in regards to cultural
On the other hand, Korman stated that the annual limit for low-skill work visa is only a few thousands compared to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistic’s finding that the country is also expecting millions of low-skill job vacancies in the coming decade. He claims illegal immigration is on the rise in the United States lately because such small number of visas for low-skill labor results an illegal market to offset the high demand (60). For a more efficient economy and stronger immigration system, America is required to discourage illegal immigration and encourage legal procedures by implementing proper policies and regulations towards alien labor force. An apparent need here is to increase the limits set for issuing both high-skill and low-skill visas as a foremost measure to boost its legal immigration. As a result, the illegal workforce can also diminish and the economy will improve.
The Diversity Lottery Program has facilitated the admission of 50,000 immigrants from countries that have a low number of immigrants in the last five years. The attorney general is the person who determines the number of visas to be issued and to which countries on the basis of information which they have gathered over the last five years. However, the act gave priority to employment based immigration that rose from 54,000 visas to 140,000 annually. The 140,000 visas are divided among three groups that each receives 40,000 and two that receive 10,000 each.
The employees of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) have dedicated their lives and work hard at helping others make a better life for themselves. The employees of USCIS are trained in reviewing petitions and applications in order to determine if the petitioner or applicant qualifies for the benefit sought. When the employees of USCIS determines that the petitioner or applicant are eligible for the benefit sought the petitioner or applicant receives the privilege of entering or staying in the United States. Granting these benefits to the petitioner or applicant helps the petitioner or applicant receive a better life then they would have if they had to remain or return to their own country.
The movement of undocumented immigrants has been a major concern in both the United States and in Europe over the past few years. Frequently, politicians talk about this issue in broad, general statements that appeal to emotion as much as logic, if not more. This style of discussion is often
Facilitated naturalization can also help the economy in the same way that technological innovations do. There still exists a large pool of minimally paid wage-earners, even with the influx of highly skilled workers, which keeps costs low and raises standards of living. The American economy has grown vastly dependent on these immigrants who do undesirable work imperative for society, especially in the agricultural industry (Semuels, “Business Owners Getting Vocal on Immigration”). Journalist Alana Semuels has dairy farmer Joe Wright elaborate on this predicament, and Wright explains that because of past anti-immigration laws, he has been forced to hire as far from the U.S. as Africa and Europe, raising expenditures for him and consumers. Many farmers are demanding immigration reform that will allow for them to have year-round employment, seeing as their biggest source of labor comes from immigrating Hispanics, farmer Joe Wright confirms (Semuels, “Business Owners Getting Vocal on Immigration”).
The H-1B visa program, a guest worker program workforce and not to replace it, but employers, especially in the information technology sector have been hiring a large number of cheaper skilled labor from India. These skilled laborers are often exposed to horrific working conditions or “high-tech sweatshops”[footnoteRef:3] There have been many proposed legislations to revamp the program in order to better protect American workers.[footnoteRef:4] It is undeniable that domestically, the protections of American workers need to be prioritized, but a hidden dimension to the debate is the potential for a massive exodus of foreign workers since; the current U.S. climate and legislation, mainly through the current president’s executive orders, have been laced with anti-immigrant sentiment. [3: Moira Herbst and Steve Hamm, “America 's High-Tech Sweatshops https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2009-10-01/americas-high-tech-sweatshops] [4: American Immigration Council . (2016, April 1). The H-1B Visa Program: A Primer on the Program and Its Impact on Jobs, Wages, and the Economy. Retrieved May 5, 2017, from https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/research/h1b-visa-program-fact-sheet ]
5-1, p. 32)—is similarly “broad enough to encompass [Plaintiffs’] claim that both execution and acceleration of the consulting agreement itself were procured by fraud.” Prima Paint, 388 U.S. at 406. Curiously, Plaintiffs ask this Court to undertake a Prima Paint analysis while declining to refer it to the contractual language at issue. Rather, Plaintiffs petition this Court to entertain the tautological argument that this Court must try the issue of Defendants’ alleged fraudulent conduct to assess whether it “relates to” the supply agreement. The sort of analysis advanced by the Plaintiffs is precisely the analysis that the Congress and subsequent judicial authorities have admonished, and would undermine “the federal policy favoring arbitration, and [resolving] ambiguities as to the scope of the arbitration clause itself . . . in favor of arbitration.” Aggarao, 675 F.3d at 368 (quoting United States v. Bankers Ins. Co., 245 F.3d 315, 319 (4th Cir. 2001)); Mitsubishi Motors Corp. v. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth, Inc., 473 U.S. 614, 631 (1985) (the strong policy favoring arbitration “applies with special force in the field of international
Following the 9/11 attacks, the United States put stringent measures on the visa immigration regulations (Laque, 2011). The move faced statewide criticisms from the universities and lobbyists groups. The petitions forced the government to revisit the laws that they had closed off to attract and retain the high-skilled labor force that it required. The changes in regulations lowered the proactive participation of the U.S. in the market to attract and retain the students. The current pattern indicates a reduced number of students coming into the United States. The main activists for the change in immigration stance were the high-tech companies. The companies are highly dependent on the talent that the international students bring to the job market.
With immigration being more accessible to all foreigners, it could open many new benefiting opportunities to the United States as a country and to its current residents. Allowing immigration limits to be more flexible will:
The United States' Travel Ban's Effect on Businesses Businesses that are involved in global practices, whether they send their employees abroad, or they are just in connection with other countries in the world, they could face negative consequences from a travel ban being placed in the United States. As John Wasik points out, businesses could be affected by not having the ability to get their employees to certain countries to do business, or countries may aim their retaliation at U.S. businesses for these restrictions. Wasik also points out that countries may not buy U.S. goods or may place an extra tax on U.S. imports, which will hurt our economy and businesses that sell those products. The ban will cause shifts in our economy, which would affect U.S. businesses, especially those that are publicly traded. This will prevent people from being able to or choosing to come to America to seek new business ventures and bring their talents to our economy (Wasik). It will stall our economy's growth, and have a negative effect on the country as a whole.
controversy in the public debate over immigration, with proponents and detractors at odds over how important H-1B admission levels are for U.S. technology advancement and whether native U.S. workers are being displaced by immigrants. In the first article, “The H1B Visa Controversy” by Norman Matloff, he points out that